It is evident that California produced able and loyal men during the national crisis from 1861-1865; that the vigilance and unceasing labor of these men kept the secessionists from establishing a Pacific Republic, or seceding from the Union or joining the Confederacy; that the secret societies formed by the secessionists were compelled to work in secret throughout the war, and in constant danger from the military forces in the State; that the people through their legislatures and governors loyally supported the Union both morally and materially; that gold from California flowed into the treasury of the Sanitary Commission, etc. The fact that California raised troops (although there was no draft in California) and that these troops were of great value to the Union cause, is also very important, and should be known by all who say that the part played by California in the Civil War was insignificant. . . .
All in all, California raised more than sixteen thousand men during the Civil War.