No Need for Guides

“In 1846 there was virtually no interest in hiring guides. By now the trails were clearly visible, informative letters from previous overlanders had been published and otherwise widely circulated, and guidebooks were also available. . . .Another important reason for the demise of guide services began to be clearly evident with the 1847 emigration. Many individuals in that year’s caravan  were making their second overland trip and were well enough qualified to serve as both guide and leaders.”